Deena’s BIO 193 Archived Resources*

My Session Schedule, Spring 2016

[box] Tuesday 1-2pm, Richardson Library 111

Wednesday 4:30-5:30pm, Richardson Library 109

Office Hour – Wednesday 8:30-9:30am Richardson Library 105 [/box]

Can’t attend any of my sessions? Feel free to check out other BIO 193 SI leaders’ schedules here.

About Me

Hello everyone! My name is Deena Kishawi and I’m currently a senior at DePaul University (graduating in June 2016 woot woot!). I’m originally from Chicago and I went to high school here in the South Loop. I am currently majoring in Biological Sciences with a concentration in Cognitive Neuroscience. I am planning to pursue a career in medicine and I’ll be starting medical school in July of 2016! I’ve been an SI leader for about two years now and I really enjoy being able to share useful tips, resources, and knowledge with students who attend SI sessions! BIO 193 actually happens to be my favorite class that I’ve ever supported! I hope that you feel comfortable to come to me if you have any questions or concerns throughout the quarter (or even beyond)!

Outside of school, I really enjoy reading, writing, working out, cooking (and obviously eating), and any outdoor sports/activities. I love watching New Girl, The Office, Gilmore Girls, Sherlock, Chicago Fire, Chicago Med, and Parenthood.

I’ll be posting on a weekly basis and will also be monitoring comments if you choose to communicate that way through the blog. I wish you all the best of luck this quarter!

Part 1 of BIO 193 – Plants I

  • Know the evolutionary history of plants
    • How they became terrestrial and what are those adaptations
    • Benefits of living on land
    • Disadvantages of living on land
    • Why aren’t algae always classified as plants?
  • Know the Alternation of Generations life cycle
    • What gives rise to what? Through what process? (Ex: Spores give rise to gametophytes through mitosis)
    • Know haploid and diploid stages
    • Know what the following are: spore, sporophyte, gametophyte, egg, archegonia, sperm, antheridia, zygote, meiosis, mitosis, fertilization, sporangia
  • Know the different phyla of plants and their characteristics
    • Be able to identify them if you saw a picture of them (specifically those in the PowerPoint and the handouts)
    • For each kind (nonvascular seedless, vascular seedless, and vascular seeded), know the main facts
      • Is the sporophyte dependent on the gametophyte? Is the sporophyte independent of the gametophyte? Why (in some cases) is the sporophyte dependent on the gametophyte? For what purposes?
      • Is water needed for fertilization (because of the presence of flagella on the sperm)?
      • Homosporous or heterosporous?
      • For seeded vascular plants, monocot or eudicot? What’s the difference? How can you tell the difference?
        • What’s the difference between a gymnosperm and an angiosperm?
        • Seeds – what develops to become the seed? What becomes the seed coat? “Three generations under one roof” refers to what? How is this explained?
  • Know the plant anatomy
    • What are the non-reproductive organs? What are their functions?
    • Be able to describe the purpose of the leaves, the many different parts, how to differentiate between monocot leaves and eudicot leaves, know the different kinds of leaves, know what is in a leaf (vascular bundle, palisade, etc), know the following: mesophyll, microphyll, megaphyll, strobili, sporophyll
    • Be able to describe the purpose of stems, the different parts of a stem, the differences in monocot and eudicot stems, know how stems can lead to growth (and know the different kinds of growth as well as their accompanying wood [hardwood, sapwood, etc] and what it does/how it contributes to the plant), know the following: cork cambium, vascular cambium, apical meristem, lateral meristem, pith (and whether eudicot or monocot stems have them)
      • If I were to walk from the outside of a eudicot (or monocot) stem to the inside, what would I cross?
    • Be able to describe the root and the purpose of a root cap. How does the root work? Know the following: cotyledon, coleoptile, hypocotyl, epicotyle, radical, coleorhiza
  • Be able to describe the flower and the different parts of it. Know the following: style, stigma, anther, filament, petal, tube cell, generative cell, pollen.
  • How are flowers different in monocots and eudicots?


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Exam II Study Guide – BIO 193

  • Know the micronutrients and macronutrients
    • It might be helpful to think of an acronym or mnemonic.
    • Micronutrients: Mo, B, Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cl
    • Macronutrients: C, H, O, P, K, N, S, Ca, Mg
  • Know the plant hormones and what their structures look like
    • Auxin: elongation stimulation, synthesized in apical meristem, promotes fruit growth
      • Takes part in the acid-growth hypothesis: stimulates proton pump/ATPase, lowers the pH in the cell wall, increases the voltage, activates expansins
    • Cytokins: stimulates cytokinesis (cell division)
      • Direct inhibition hypothesis, interacts with auxin, transported from the terminal bud, restrains axillary bud development, cytokins transported up from the roots to stimulate bud growth
    • Gibberellins: produced by the roots/young leaves, stimulate growth, affect cell division and promote stem elongation
      • Think of the grapes example Dr. Dean mentioned in class!
    • ABA: slows growth, promotes dormancy, causes stomata to close, protects the seed during dehydration
      • To break dormancy, plant is stimulated with an increase in gibberellins
    • Ethylene: the only hormone that’s a gas, promotes fruit ripening and cell death (apoptosis), induced by an increase in auxin
  • Know the cohesion-tension theory
    • Transpiration creates a negative pressure in the leaves which produce column-like structures of water molecules (cohesion part of the theory), when a water molecule transpires, a new one is pulled through
  • Know the development of animals
    • Protostome – spiral cleavage, determinate cleavage, and schizocoelus
      • Mouth first
    • Deuterostome – radial cleavage, indeterminate cleavage, and enterocoelus
      • Anus first


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